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在国外,见了医生该怎么表达自己的症状?

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一般病情

1464679024-1071-g9O1mFty7kgK4aAPJLStSBcRnDWA ☞He feels headache, nausea and vomiting. 他觉得头痛、恶心和想吐。 ☞He is under the weather. 他不舒服,生病了。 ☞He began to feel unusually tired. 他感到反常的疲倦。 ☞He feels light-headed. 他觉得头晕。 ☞She has been shut-in for a few days. 她生病在家几天了。 ☞Her head is pounding. 她头痛。 ☞His symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, excessive fatigue, fever and chills. 他的症状包括没有食欲、体重减轻、非常疲倦、发烧和发冷。 ☞He feels exhausted or fatigued most of the time. 他大部份时间都觉得非常疲倦。 ☞He has been lacking in energy for some time. 他感到虚弱有段时间了。 ☞He feels drowsy, dizzy and nauseated. 他觉得昏昏欲睡,头晕目眩和想吐。 ☞He feels as though everything around him is spinning. 他感到周围的东西都在打转。 ☞He has noticed some loss of hearing. 他发觉听力差些。 ☞She has some pains and itching around her eyes. 她眼睛四周又痛又痒。

伤风感冒

1464679024-5518-x2r4fOt7g6ANObpmSicaw1kkyWjQ ☞He has been coughing up rusty or greenish-yellow phlegm. 他咳嗽带有绿黄色的痰。 ☞His eyes feel itchy and he has been sneezing. 他眼睛发痒,而且一直在打喷嚏。 ☞He has a fever, aching muscles and hacking cough. 他有发烧,筋骨酸痛和常常咳嗽。 hacking = constant ☞He coughed with sputum and feeling of malaise. 他咳嗽有浓痰,而且觉得很虚弱。 malaise = debility ☞He gets a cold with a deep hacking cough. 他伤风咳嗽。 ☞He has a headache, aching bones and joints. 他头痛,骨头、关节也痛。 ☞He has a persistent cough. 他不停地在咳。 或He has bouts of uncontrollable coughing. 他一阵阵的咳嗽,难以控制。 ☞He has hoarse and has lost his voice sometimes. 他声音嘶哑,有时失声。 ☞He has a sore throat and a stuffy nose. 他嗓子疼痛而且鼻子不通。 ☞His breathing is harsh and wheezy. 他呼吸时,有气喘似的呼哧呼哧作响。 ☞He has a stabbing pain that comes on suddenly in one or both temples. 有时突然间太阳穴刺痛。 ☞He has a runny nose, sneezing or a scratchy throat. 他流鼻水,打喷嚏并且喉咙沙哑。

手脚毛病

☞His both hands and feet ache all over. 他两手两脚都很酸痛。 ☞He has pain on the sole of his feet. 他脚底很痛。 ☞There is a wart-like lump on the sole of right foot. 我右脚底有个像肉疣般的硬块。 ☞His ankles look puffy and they pit when he presses them with his finger. 他的足踝好像肿了,用手按,就有小坑痕。 ☞The pain in his left foot is accompanied by redness and swelling. 左脚酸痛,并有红肿。 ☞The joints near his fingernails and knuckles look swollen. 指头和指节旁边的关节,似乎有肿大。 ☞He has numbness and tingling in his hands and fingers. 他的手和指头感到麻木和刺痛。 ☞His legs become painful following strenuous exercise. 激烈运动后,他的腿就痛。 ☞His knee is misshapen or unable to move. 他的膝盖有点畸形,也不能动。 ☞There are some swellings in his armpit. 他的腋窝肿大。 ☞He is troubled with painful muscles and joints. 他的筋骨和关节都痛。 ☞She is troubled by the pains in the back and shoulders. 她的后背和肩膀都痛。 ☞His knee has been bothering him for some time. 他的膝盖不舒服,已有一段时间了。

睡眠不好

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☞He is sleeping poorly. 他睡不好。 ☞He has difficulty in sleeping, inability to concentrate. 他不易入睡,也难集中精神。 ☞It is usually hard for her to fall asleep when she goes to bed at night. 她晚上就寝,很难入睡。 ☞He wakes during the night or early morning and finds it difficult to fall asleep again. 他晚间或清早醒来后,再也不能入睡。 ☞He has nightmares occasionally. 他有时做噩梦。

呼吸方面

☞His breathing has become increasingly difficult. 他呼吸越来越困难。 ☞He has to breathe through his mouth. 他要用口呼吸。 ☞He is short of breath, even when he has not been exercising, he is breathless. 他喘气,即使不运动,他也是上气不接下气。 ☞His cough is more like wheezing. 他的咳嗽有呼哧呼哧的响声。 ☞His cough is dry, producing no phlegm. 他是干咳,没有痰。 ☞He has coughed up blood. 他咳嗽有血。 ☞His nose stuffed up when he had a cold. 他感冒时鼻子就不通。 ☞He coughs up a lot of phlegm (thick spit) on most days. 他多半时间咳出浓浓的痰。 ☞He has a feeling of tightness in the chest or a feeling that he is suffocating. 他胸部觉得闷闷的,好像透不过气来。

口腔毛病

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☞He has pain in his teeth or jaw. 他的牙齿和下巴疼痛。 ☞He has some problems with his teeth. 他牙齿有问题。 ☞The tooth hurts only when he bites down on it. 他咬东西时,牙齿就痛)。 (动词时态:hurt, hurt, hurt; bite, bit, bit) ☞His gums are red and swollen. 他的牙床红肿。 ☞His tongue is red and sore all over. 他的舌头又红又痛。 ☞His breath smells bad and he has a foul taste in his mouth. 他口里有异味。 ☞His gums do bleed. 他牙龈出血。 ☞He has some sore swellings on his gum or jaw. 他的牙床和下巴肿痛。 ☞He has sore places on or around the lip. 他的嘴唇和周围都很痛。 ☞There are cracks at the corners of his mouth. 他的嘴巴角落破了。 ☞There are some discolored areas inside on his tongue. 他舌头里边有些地方颜色怪怪的。

肠胃毛病

☞He has a bloated, uncomfortable feeling after meal. 他饭后肚子觉得胀胀的,很不舒服。 ☞He has bouts of abdominal pain. 他有一阵阵的肚痛。 ☞He feels bloated in his abdominal area. 他感到肚子胀胀的。 注:胀胀的,像puff up,但不是真正的肿swell up ☞The pain is mainly in the lower (upper) right part of the abdomen. 痛是在肚子下半部。 ☞He has nausea and vomiting. 他有恶心和呕吐。 ☞It is difficult or painful for him to swallow. 他吞下食物时会痛。 ☞He has been constipated for a few days. 他便秘了好几天。 ☞He suffers pains when he moves his bowels. 他大便时很痛。 ☞He has some bleeding from his rectum. 他的肛门出血。 ☞He has noticed some blood in his bowel movements. 他发觉大便时有些血。 ☞His bowel movements are pale, greasy and foul smelling. 他大便呈灰白色,含油脂的恶臭。 ☞He has trouble with diarrhea. 他拉肚子。

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